Wed. Jul 10th, 2024

Polycystic Ovary

Polycystic Ovary 5
Polycystic Ovary 5

According to master, doctor Giang Huynh Nhu – Director of Tam Anh General Hospital Fertility Center in Ho Chi Minh City, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a type of hormonal disorder common in women in their teens.

Statistics show that about 2.2 – 26.7% of women of reproductive age (15 – 44 years old) have polycystic ovary syndrome, but many of them do not know they have the disease, so they do not seek treatment.

Doctor Giang Huynh Nhu said that higher than normal Androgen levels in people with polycystic ovary syndrome will affect fertility and many other health aspects.

Common complications of this syndrome include: difficulty getting pregnant, metabolic disorders, and sleep apnea.

Hormonal changes also lead to symptoms such as baldness, hirsutism, dark skin, overweight… which will negatively affect women’s emotions and spirit.

Signal

In some women, signs of polycystic ovary syndrome may appear very early in the first menstrual period.

Irregular menstruation: Irregular and unusually long menstrual cycles are the most common signs of polycystic ovary syndrome.

Excessive hair growth (hirsutism): More than 70% of women with this syndrome experience `hirsutism` on the face, back, abdomen and chest.

Obesity: Up to 80% of women with polycystic ovary syndrome are overweight or obese.

Oily facial skin, acne appears: Increased male hormone levels cause the skin to secrete more oil than usual, leading to acne appearing on the face, back, chest…

Dark skin: Dark skin patches appear on the body in areas with many folds such as the neck, groin and under the breasts.

Headaches: Some people may experience headaches due to hormonal changes.

Mood swings: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome will often feel stressed and anxious.

Pain and discomfort in the pelvic area: When suffering from this syndrome, women may experience dull pain ranging from mild to severe (feeling like menstrual cramps), and at the same time feel uncomfortable.

Reason

Currently, the cause of polycystic ovary syndrome has not been clearly determined.

Insulin resistance: Statistics show that up to 70% of women with polycystic ovary disease have insulin resistance.

Genetics: Studies show that some genes are related to polycystic ovary syndrome, so if your family has a mother or sister with this syndrome, the risk of developing the disease will be higher.

Diet: It is hypothesized that a diet too high in starch may be a contributing factor to polycystic ovary syndrome.

Treatments

Polycystic Ovary

Depending on the current condition and health of the patient, the doctor will advise on an appropriate treatment regimen.

Depending on the disease condition, overall health and ability to respond to treatment methods, the patient is guided with a specific treatment regimen.

In certain cases, doctors may prescribe surgery to improve a patient’s fertility when other treatments are ineffective.

Another treatment method that helps people with polycystic ovary syndrome get pregnant is in vitro fertilization (IVF).

MSc. Dr. Giang Huynh Nhu said that although the exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome has not yet been determined.

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