Fri. Jul 12th, 2024

Oscar submarine – silent assassin of US aircraft carriers

Avatar of Nick John By Nick John Dec24,2023 #Oscar #submarine
Oscar submarine - silent assassin of US aircraft carriers 0
Oscar submarine - silent assassin of US aircraft carriers 0

A Project 949A submarine.

During the Cold War, the Soviet Union designed the giant nuclear attack submarine Project 949 Granit (NATO designation: Oscar) with the sole mission of hunting aircraft carriers, a symbol of the power and pride of the Soviet Union.

According to military expert Sebastien Roblin, each US aircraft carrier has a force of warships escorting it.

Based on third-generation cruise missile submarines, Project 949 Granit was developed by the Soviet Union in the mid-1970s. This is a two-layer ship with a two-layer design, in which the main inner shell contains the crew compartment and other systems.

Oscar-class submarines are large enough to carry heavy weapons.

Despite its slow diving speed and low maneuverability, Oscar-class submarines can launch up to 24 P-700 Granit cruise missiles (NATO designation: SS-N-19 Shipwrecks) with great anti-ship power.

Oscar submarine - silent assassin of US aircraft carriers

P-700 Granit missiles are loaded onto Oscar-class submarines.

Each P-700 missile is 10 m long, weighs 8 tons, has a range of 62 km and a cruise speed 2.5 times the speed of sound (3,087 km/h).

The P-700 often uses a high explosive (HE) warhead weighing 750 kg.

Compared to the Kirov-class heavy cruiser and the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier, the Oscar submarine is more difficult to detect.

The Oscar submarine is also equipped with a short-range weapon system, including four 533 mm launch tubes for RPK-2 anti-submarine missiles (NATO designation: SS-N-15 Starfish), two 650 mm launch tubes for

The first two Oscars, named Arkhangelsk and Murmansk, were completed at the Severodvinsk shipyard in 1980 and 1982. During the period 1982-1996, 11 ships were upgraded under Project 949A Antey (NATO designation: Oscar II).

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Russian Navy focused on maintaining and upgrading the fleet of Oscar submarines so that they could continue to monitor US aircraft carriers in the 1990s. One even caught the net of a Western fishing boat.

Oscar submarine - silent assassin of US aircraft carriers

The crew inside a Granit rocket launcher.

Even though they have never participated in combat, Oscar-class submarines still experience very dangerous situations.

On August 12, 2000, an explosion followed by a chain reaction with a destructive power equivalent to 3-7 tons of TNT occurred on the submarine Kursk (K-141) participating in naval exercises in Ho Chi Minh City.

On April 7, 2015, the submarine Orel (K-266) caught fire at the floating dock at Severodvinsk shipyard.

The Russian Navy operates 7-8 Oscar-class submarines in the North Sea andĀ  Pacific fleets.

The Russian military has announced that it will upgrade at least three submarines according to the Project 949AM design by 2020, at a price of 180 million USD/unit.

Although it does not possess state-of-the-art stealth technology, the Oscar class is still an effective long-distance deterrent against precious US surface ships, expert RoblinĀ said.

See more: 8 NATO ships follow the Russian aircraft carrier

Related Post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *