Thu. Jul 18th, 2024

5 catastrophic super weapons of the Soviet Union

5 catastrophic super weapons of the Soviet Union 2
5 catastrophic super weapons of the Soviet Union 2

In addition to effective and low-cost weapons systems that shocked Western militaries, the Soviet Union’s once-powerful defense industry once produced weapons that were considered disastrous and forced to

Sovetsky Soyuz class battleship

Model of the Soviet Sovetsky Soyuz class battleship.

In the late 1930s, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin decided to revive the shipbuilding industry with an ambitious plan to build Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships along with cruisers and aircraft carriers.

The Sovetsky Soyuz battleship, built based on Italy’s Littorio-class warship, had a tonnage of nearly 60,000 tons, comparable to the size of the most powerful battleships in the world at that time.

The Soviet Union began building four battleships of this type from shipyards in Leningrad, Nikolayev and Molotovsk during the period 1938-1940.

After that, the Soviet Union decided to dismantle these ships right at the factory because shipbuilding required huge investment of resources while they could not reach out of the Baltic and Black Seas.

Ulyanovsk class aircraft carrier

5 catastrophic super weapons of the Soviet Union

The aircraft carrier model is said to be of the Soviet Union’s Ulyanovsk class.

Immediately after the Russian October Revolution, the Soviet Union began researching the construction of aircraft carriers, but the economic crisis and the outbreak of World War 2 hindered the plan.

After the war, the Soviet Union returned to continue this project with the launch of the Moskva-class helicopter carrier in the mid-1960s and then the appearance of the Kiev-class aircraft carriers in the 1970s.

Wishing to own a more modern aircraft carrier, in the early 1980s, the Soviet Navy embarked on a project to build an Ulyanovsk-class aircraft carrier with a tonnage of more than 80,000 tons powered by nuclear energy.

However, financial difficulties and the dissolution of the Soviet Union caused the Ulyanovsk ship to be dismantled and sold for scrap in 1992 after being only 20% built.

Heavy bomber

During World War 2, although it failed to develop a famous strategic bomber, the Soviet Air Force still tested and launched more models of four-engine long-range heavy bombers on the battlefield than any other country.

At the beginning of the war, the Soviet Union developed the Pe-8 bomber to compete with the American Avro Lancaster and Boeing B-17 bombers.

In addition, there is also the ANT-26 bomber, a variant of the ANT-20 transport aircraft, equipped with 12 engines and carrying nearly 15 tons of bombs, much larger than the capacity of the US B-29 bomber.

Super heavy tank Tu-42

During World War 2, the Soviet Union planned to build super heavy tanks and armored vehicles with three or four times the weight of standard battle tanks.

However, like most other super heavy tanks, the T-42 was a very expensive design and too slow to be seriously considered for production.

Sukhoi T-4 supersonic bomber

5 catastrophic super weapons of the Soviet Union

Sukhoi T-4 bomber.

Many postwar Soviet bombers took direct inspiration from their American opponents.

Designed to reach speeds of Mach 3 (more than 1020 m/s) with a flight ceiling of 21.3 km, the T-4 bomber looks and functions quite similar to the B-70.

However, the speed and altitude requirements of this bomber were beyond the capabilities of the Soviet aviation industry, preventing large-scale production of this bomber.

See also: 5 navies to dominate the oceans by 2030.

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